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How Is Champagne Made?


You’re not alone if you’ve ever wondered how Champagne is made. Millions of people worldwide want to know the secret of champagne production. While there are several steps involved in the production process, these two processes have a lot of similarities. For one, they both involve the use of yeast. The yeast is responsible for giving Champagne its distinct aroma and taste. Likewise, a champagne maker will use yeast to create sparkling wine, but the process does require a few steps. What is the perfect way to find the Champagne?

First, the grapes are harvested. The grapes are picked manually in the Champagne region between August and October. Red and white grapes are used to make this delicious beverage. To avoid losing grape skin pigments, careful handling is required to ensure the wine is fully fermented. Once fermentation has finished, the Champagne is stored in the cellar to age. This process is time-consuming, as the yeast cells must be removed from the Champagne before being bottled.

The yeast is then killed with a chemical process known as autolysis. This process gives the Champagne its characteristic smell and enables it to be stored for years. It also results in a satisfactory solution of carbonic acid in the wine, which is necessary to form long-lasting bubbles. Then, after fermentation, the wine is aged for another two years. Afterward, it is ready to be served. But how is Champagne made? It becomes an important question that everyone must ask.

The process begins with the harvesting of grapes. During this step, the grapes must be handpicked. Most Champagne grapes are red, but the juice is white. It becomes colored after macerating with the skin. Once the grapes have been picked, they must be stored in boxes weighing 40 kilograms. At high maturity, the seeds will detach, and the skin will give the wine a pinkish sheen.

The next step in the Champagne production process is the disgorging of the Champagne. This step is crucial to ensure that the wine is free from sediment and yeast and prevent the loss of the precious liquid. Then, the bottle is placed in a brine solution at minus 26 degC to force the frozen lees out of the bottle. In some producers, manual disgorging is necessary to ensure that the final Champagne is sweet and without ice.

To make Champagne, the grapes must be harvested. Pinot Noir grapes are the most common grapes used to make this drink. Perignon studied and perfected the variety of grapes used in Champagne. Pinot Noir grapes have blue skins and red flesh, and their juice is white. Grapes are harvested in bunches and carefully sorted to remove pigment. A single pressing requires approximately 4,000 kilograms of grapes.

After the must is pressed, the wine undergoes alcoholic fermentation. Some producers also allow malolactic fermentation, which is biological acid degradation, to take place. The base wine is then combined with the second fermentation in the bottles. The bottles are placed in racks to allow the yeast to move throughout them. Riddlers manually move bottle quarter turns according to a set schedule. Finally, the yeast plugs the bottle to help it age.

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